Brexit Effects On Spain?
- Víctormanuel Paz
Economic impact The Bank of Spain has recently said that Spain’s economy is the most exposed out of all countries in the single market to the negative economic consequences of Brexit. Spanish exports to the UK ‘increased by 9 percent in 2019, equal to 3.
Is Spain affected by Brexit?
On the 1st January 2021, the UK officially left the EU. We now know that this means that Britons hoping to buy property in Spain are only entitled to remain in the country for 90 days out of every 180-day period unless they secure a visa. Whilst this might make living in Spain trickier than it was in the pre-Brexit world, it doesn’t make it impossible.
- There remains a host of visa options available for Britons in Spain, including the golden visa , student visas, and the non-lucrative visa;
- Spain is still very much open, and ready to welcome Britons to the country;
But Brexit has left Brits with many questions: How will Brexit impact those Brits currently living in Spain, travelling to Spain regularly to stay in their holiday home, letting holiday homes, or planning to buy a property in Spain in the future ? Here we will outline the latest information about how living in Spain after Brexit is different, and how the shift may (or may not) impact on your way of life: A Note on: Taking Holidays to Spain Regardless of how you feel about Britain’s decision to leave the European Union, as of 31st January 2021, Britain is no longer a part of the EU.
- And for the vast majority of British people this will have very little impact on their visits to wider Europe;
- If you are a British person who spends your holidays in Spain, or otherwise visits the country for short periods of time then very little will change about the way you enter or exit the EU: if you spend less than 90 days in Spain over the course of 6 months then you will not be impacted by entrance or exit visa requirements and you can continue to enjoy your holidays as you always have right now;
Known informally as the 90-day rule , this allows you to spend a maximum of 90 days in any EU country (not just Spain) in any 12-month period: this means that if you have already spent 90 days in France, you would not be able to visit Spain for the weekend until the 6-month period is completed.
By the end of 2022, however, you may have to apply for an ETIAS visa waiver before you enter Spain: this is a simple online application that will allow you to enter the Schengen Area with minimal hassle and paperwork.
This same rule applies to individuals who own second homes in Spain, but only visit for relatively short periods of time. Provided you spend less than 90 days in Spain in each 180 day period, you will still be able to enter and leave the country as you always have, without any extra paperwork.
When you are clearing immigration at your Spanish arrival airport you will need to enter the non-EU passengers queue rather than the passengers arriving from the EU line. Your status as a non-EU resident will not stop you owning property, or investing in a holiday home, in Spain.
Other good news to immerge from the most recent Brexit agreements is that British travellers will retain free healthcare across Europe , including in Spain. Your current EHIC card will remain valid until it expires, when you can apply for a GHIC card instead.
- This card is valid only in EU countries, rather than the wider Schengen area, and full details of what will be covered haven’t been released yet;
- But it does mean some health protection will be afforded, which is more than many travellers expected;
It is also recommended that you ensure you have robust medical travel insurance (this has always been the recommendation, although many travellers chose to ignore this advice). If you are living in Spain though, or spending longer than 90 days in each 6 month period in the country, then you are likely to experience some more dramatic changes to those outlined abouve, and these will be the focus of the rest of this piece.
Taking Business Trips For Britons who need to or wish to conduct business in Spain, it is not yet clear whether you need a visa to take a business trip to the country. This will be decided by future bilateral agreements between Spain and the UK, but it is likely any requirements will depend on all visits taking place under the maximum of 90 days period.
There is currently a Schengen short-stay business visa system for those non-EU nationals who require it, and it is likely that the UK will become a part of this scheme. Individuals would have to have an interview at the Spanish consulate of their country, show proof of financial means, fill in an application form and then pay between €35 to €80 in fees for their visa.
As part of this process, you would also require a letter of invitation from the company that you will be visiting, and that they intend to be doing business with. Prepare Your Passport It’s worth noting that, whether you live in Spain or are just visiting for a short trip, you will need to have at least 6 months validity remaining on your passport in order to enter Spain.
You should check the validity of your passport, and if necessary apply for a new one, before you book your trip: passport applications in the UK are delayed right now, as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, and you don’t want to be unable to travel because your passport didn’t arrive in time.
How does Brexit affect moving to Spain?
Can I still move to Spain now that the Brexit transition period has ended? – Yes, you can still apply for residency in Spain like other non-EU nationals. There may be preferential rules introduced for UK nationals. We will need to wait and see what is decided.
What does Brexit mean for Spain?
What will Brexit mean for UK expats in Spain?
British expats in Spain after Brexit This means that unless there is an alternative UK/Spain agreement, UK citizens will be limited to visiting Spain for up to 90 days within any 180-day period without a visa.
Can you live in Spain permanently?
Spanish Nationality as UK citizen after Brexit – You can apply for Spanish citizenship after 10 years of residence in Spain. This requires Brits to prove that they have no criminal record and a sufficient integration into Spanish culture (e. proficiency in Spanish and participation in social activities).
Are Brits still buying property in Spain?
Can Brits still buy a property in Spain after Brexit? – Yes, absolutely. The nationality of the buyer does not affect their capacity to purchase a property in the country. As long as they find a seller, agree on a price, and are willing to pay that specific price, the property will be theirs.
Furthermore, the process is exactly the same ( which you can find here ). Nevertheless, you may find extra difficulties when soliciting a mortgage ; and the are some extra differences when it comes to taxes and other relevant issues we will explore in a second.
But your ability to purchase has not been affected after exiting the European Union. You can still buy your property in the country, and you can do it in any region you prefer.
Are Spanish house prices falling?
Spain was the only major western economy to experience a real fall in house prices in 2021, according to research from the real estate company Knight Frank. Spanish house prices increased by 4. 4% in 2021, but after taking inflation into account they were down by 2%, reveals the Global House Price Index for 2021 researched and published by Knight Frank. Scroll down to see the table below. Out of the 56 countries included in the ranking (30% of the world), real house prices fell in just nine territories, or 16% of the sample, and nominal house prices rell in just 3 countries.
The other side of the coin says that real house prices rose in 84% of the countries included in the ranking last year (and nominal prices in 95%), showing that house prices were remarkably buoyant in 2021, as the world started to move on from the pandemic in most countries.
Of the nine countries where real house prices fell last year, four of them were in the European Union (Spain plus Malta, Cyprus, and Lithuania), of which Spain was the only big economy – and only big western economy – where real house prices fell last year according to this ranking.
The biggest real falls were in Morocco (-7. 4%) and Brazil (-4. 3%). Figures from the National Institute of Statistics (INE) confirm that real house prices fell in Spain last year. According to this source, average Spanish house prices rose 6.
4% last year, whilst inflation was up 6. 5% (6. 6% according to Eurostat), meaning a real decline of 0. 1% (or 0. 2%) – not as bad as the figures from Knight Frank, but still negative. However, according to data from the Spanish notary association, nominal house prices were up by 8.
2% last year, meaning a real increase of 1. 8%, so the story really depends on which data source you use. In Portugal, Spain’s closest neighbour and competitor for foreign holiday-home investors, nominal house prices rose 11.
2% and real prices by 8. 2%, suggesting that Spain has its own problems to solve. Average national house prices might have fallen in real terms last year (depending on your data source), but even according to the NIE there were wide regional variations, with real prices rising by 3.
1% in the Balearics, 1. 5% in Andalusia, and 1. 3% in the Canaries. If you use the notaries, real house prices rose 12. 6% in the Balearics last year, enough to keep even demanding investors happy. If you accept that average real house prices fell in Span last year, what might explain that? Above average inflation is at least part of the answer.
Spanish inflation last year was 6. 6% compared to a Eurozone average of 5%, 3. 4% in France, and just 2. 8% in Portugal. But soft house prices in real terms does not appear to have cooled foreign investor demand for property for sale in Spain , as 2021 was a record year for foreign demand for property in Spain. ” Click to enlarge.
Are British expats selling up in Spain?
British ex-pats are selling their Spanish properties After the UK left the European Union, UK citizens could only visit the country without a visa for up to three months for tourism and business purposes before having to leave.
Can I still buy a holiday home in Spain after Brexit?
Can I rent out my property because of Brexit? YES, but be informed. – You will be able to rent your property without an issue but there could be a catch. As a Spanish or EU citizen the rental income tax is 19%, therefore Brits pay this percentage at the moment.
- However, for non-EU citizens the rental income tax is 24%, meaning there are different rules in this matter whether you’re a European citizen or not;
- Moreover, Brits are paying the same amount for the known property inheritance tax;
Brexit could have an impact on these two sides, if it isn’t agreed, UK citizens could pay the same rental income tax as non-EU residents and be charged for the property inheritance tax at a higher rate. This is something that is keeping everyone awake and could have a potential impact on UK citizens after Brexit. .
What is Spain’s relationship with Britain?
Present day [ edit ] – In the present day, Spain and the United Kingdom maintain civil relations, [ dubious – discuss ] [ citation needed ] both being members of NATO , and the OECD. They share a number of regulations due to their previously shared membership of the European Union , several of which remain in force in the UK after its exit from the bloc.
Do you need a visa to go to Spain from UK 2022?
The majority of UK citizens will not need a visa to travel to Spain. The country still permits visa-free access to British visitors for up to 3 months for tourism and business purposes. However, British nationals will soon need a visa waiver to enter Spain.
How many British citizens live in Spain?
How many Britons reside in Spain in 2022? By December 31st 2021, there were 407,628 UK nationals officially living in Spain. In the previous year’s report, the number was 381,448 Britons, and in 2019 the figure stood at 359,471.
Does UK have a trade agreement with Spain?
Overview – There was an almost audible sigh of relief in the Spanish government when the UK and the EU agreed a deal that shapes how the two sides will trade as of the UK’s exit from the bloc at the end of 2020. As a result, the UK avoided leaving the EU’s Single Market and Customs Union under World Trade Organisation (WTO) rules, which would have meant immediate tariffs and quotas and been particularly bad for Spain.
Trade now, however, involves significant new barriers and costs in the form of extra paperwork and checks, and pending issues for trade of services, all of which will entail an eternity of negotiations.
The negotiations went down to the wire. For UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Brexiters in general the key issue all along was sovereignty and not trade: if free trade had been the objective, Britain would have stayed in the Single Market and the Customs Union.
- Johnson’s claim that the deal created a ‘giant free-trade zone’ was ridiculous, as there was one already there, and services, nearly half the UK’s exports, are hardly mentioned in the agreement;
- Arancha González Laya, Spain’s Foreign Minister and a trade expert, put it well when she told Sky TV, ‘A trade deal is not made to assert one’s independence but to manage our interdependence’;
Johnson seemed to have finally accepted this, in the knowledge that no trade deal would have been economically more damaging for the UK than for the EU. The UK’s departure from the bloc, however, is also bad for the EU’s economic superpower status, as Britain’s GDP is equivalent to 18 of the EU’s 27 (now 26) countries.
- Figure 1 summarises the consequences for the UK of leaving the EU and the benefits of the trade and cooperation agreement, while Figure 2 provides an overview of the relative importance of the UK for Spain compared to Italy, France and Germany;
Figure 1. EU-UK relations: big changes compared to benefits of EU membership
|EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement||EU Member State|
|Free movement of people|
|Removal of border checks||No||Yes|
|Visa-free travel (90 days in 180-day period)||Yes||Yes|
|Visa-free travel (beyond 90 days)||No||Yes|
|Right to work, study, live in another EU country||Yes|
|Removal of roaming charges||No||Yes|
|Trade in goods|
|Zero tariffs or quotas||Yes||Yes|
|Zero customs formalities||Yes|
|Zero sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) checks||No||Yes|
|Zero rules of origin procedures||Yes|
|Trade in services|
|Financial services passport||No||Yes|
|Easy recognition of professional qualifications||No||Yes|
|Single aviation area, full freedoms||No||Yes|
|Bilateral 5th freedoms for extra-EU air cargo||Yes|
|Single internal transport market for hauliers||No||Yes|
|Single internal energy market||No||Yes|
|Energy trading platforms||Yes|
|Access to Erasmus||No||Yes|
|Access to Next Generation EU, SURE||No||Yes|
|Galileo encrypted military signal||No||Yes|
|Access to Horizon Europe||Yes|
Note: 0 = specific conditions related to EU-UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement. Source: European Commission. Figure 2. The Spanish economy’s exposure to the UK The effective departure of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU) opens up a new period of relations between the two areas. The current health crisis limits economic policies’ room for manoeuvre to accommodate the costs of transitioning to a new economic relationship, whatever final form it may take. This article describes the most recent developments in the negotiation process and outlines three possible scenarios for the future EU-UK trading relationship, providing simulations of the potential macroeconomic impact in each case.