Flag Of Spain Adopted On?

Flag Of Spain Adopted On
5 October 1981 Flag of Spain

Name Rojigualda
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 15 May 1785 (original version, as naval and coastal fortifications’ ensign) 5 October 1981 (current version, as established in the Spanish Constitution)

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What is the official flag of Spain?

Flag for sale Spain Flag – The flag of Spain, consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe is twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the yellow stripe was called by the ancient term of gualda, and got the popular name of rojigualda (red-weld).

Legend says that the colours of the Spanish flag come from the bullfight arena – the yellow is the sand of the arena and the red is the blood. The colours of the flag of Spain were more likely to have been chosen as they were the colours of King Ferdinand´s coat of arms.

The Spanish coat of arms consists of two crown-topped pillars of Hercules with red banners wrapped round them displaying the Latin words, “PLUS ULTRA,” which means “More Beyond,” It is referred to the discovery of the New World by Columbus. The two columns are on either side of a shield of 4 quarters – a castle, a lion with a crown, red and yellow vertical stripes, chain mail, with three fleurs-de-lis in an oval in the center.

What was the flag of the Second Spanish Republic?

History of the Flag of Spain – The flag of Spain was adopted in 1978. Before the adoption of the flag, Spain used a banner with a white background and the Kingdom’s coat of arms at the center. However, this flag was often confused with flags of other regions.

  • Hence, King Charles III decided to change the flags used on Spanish warships and ordered for a competition from which the best design for the flag would be adopted;
  • During this competition, 12 finalists were selected, and only one design impressed the king;

This design consisted of two red stripes and a yellow one in the middle. Before 1978, Spain had a long history of using different flags. In 1469, the Catholic monarchs of Castile and Aragon were unified by marriage, and as a result, the kingdom of Spain adopted a flag that symbolized the unification of the two houses.

This flag consisted of the heraldic symbols of the two Iberian realms. This involved merging the Castile insignia that consisted of the lion and the castle, as well as the Aragon insignia that was composed of red and yellow stripes.

In the early years of the 16th century, Archduke Philip of Austria married Joanna of Castile, which led to the adoption of a new flag. The new flag had a white background with a Cross of Burgundy at the center that was touching the four corners of the flag.

  1. The marriage was purely for political reasons as Spain intended to deter French incursions;
  2. After Joanna was declared insane, Philip sought to adopt a flag that would honor his father’s Habsburg’s heritage;
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This is what led to Spain’s adoption of the Cross of Burgundy, which represented the Burgundy dynasty. During this time, flags representing the nation had a white background whereas flags representing royalty had a yellow background. The Cross of Burgundy represented Spain from the 17th to the 18th century.

Later versions were combined with the arms of royalty. When Charles I came to power, for instance, a coronela consisting of yellow silk and an imperial shield accompanied the cross. At the time, the concept of a national flag did not exist.

Hence, each Spanish cavalry had its unique design of the flag. The flag of Santiago, for example, consisted of a red background with the Spanish emblem. For instance, the Bourbonic royal banner of the early 18th century was different from that of the late 18th century with the addition of a royal ribbon at the bottom of the emblem.

Later, Philip III commissioned the design of a flag that could be identified at sea. This resulted in the adoption of the flag with two horizontal red stripes and a yellow line at the center consisting of the royal emblem.

The colors of the flag resembled those of the former Kingdom of Castile and Leon. However, the colors did not resemble those of any foreign monarchy. Later, in 1785, naval ships adopted this new flag. This banner proved to be very useful in the sea that in 1793, it was decided that it would also appear in ports and marine forts.

By 1843, it was considered a national flag and was in use even on land. Towards the late 18th and early 19th century, anti-monarchical ideas were strife. In 1870, Queen Isabella II was forced to abdicate in favor of the Italian born Amadeo I.

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After three years of ruling, Amadeo declared Spain ‘ungovernable’ and abdicated. Spain ceased being a monarchy and became a republic. The only difference of the flag was the removal of the royal emblem. In 1874, a royalist coup d’etat ushered in the rule of King Alfonso XII, and the old flag was restored up until the 20th century with the resurgence of socialist ideology.

In 1923, Spain was under martial law. The country was fractured with ideologies of anarchy, socialist, republican, and communist. In 1931, the republican movement won the elections and prompted the abdication of King Alfonso XII.

After this, Spain became a republic once again. The flag of the Second Spanish Republic consisted of a tricolor red, yellow, and violet. The flag symbolized that every Spaniard would be represented in the government. For most of the 1930s, Spain experienced internal conflict.

  • The country was torn by civil war between the Soviet-backed communist and the fascist group on the other side;
  • Towards the end of 1939, a military coup occurred, and Francisco Franco became the leader of Spain;

The flag of Francoist Spain restored the initial two red horizontal stripes and a yellow stripe at the center. The emblem of the flag consisted of a new coat of arms, with the Saint John Eagle in the background of the Coat of Arms. However, when Franco died in 1975, King Juan Carlos I came to power.

In 1977, the flag was slightly adjusted with the eagle’s wings appearing relaxed, with the country’s motto was lifted above its head. In 1978, the emblem consisting of Saint John’s eagle was removed altogether.

A new coat of arms was instituted in 1981. Since then, there have been no changes to the national flag.

What is the origin of the Spanish flag with the cross?

Cross of Burgundy [ edit ] – The Cross of Burgundy was introduced to Spain after the marriage of Joanna of Castile to Philip the Handsome , Duke of Burgundy in 1496. The flag was the primary symbol of Philip the Handsome. It introduced into Spanish vexillology a design that although of foreign origin, would become the primary symbol of Spain. The flag was usually embroidered on white or yellow cloth. The Cross of Burgundy is also known as “The Vane of Burgundy” or La Cruz de San Andrés as it is derived from St.

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Andrew’s Cross. Since the reign of Charles I of Spain (1516-1556), different Spanish armies have used flags with the Cross of Burgundy on different fields. It was also incorporated in the uniforms of Burgundian archers, and later in the uniforms of the rest of the army.

It also appeared on Spanish regimental flags.

What color is the middle stripe of the Spanish flag?

Kingdom of Spain

Name Rojigualda
Use National flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 15 May 1785 ; 237 years ago (original version, as naval and coastal fortifications’ ensign) 5 October 1981 ; 40 years ago (current version, as established in the Spanish Constitution)
Design A horizontal triband flag of red, yellow ( double width ) and red; charged with the Spanish coat of arms off-centred toward the hoist.
Designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán
Variant flag of Kingdom of Spain
Use Civil flag and ensign
Proportion 2:3
Adopted 28 May 1785 (original naval ensign version) 5 October 1981 (current version, changed coat of arms )
Design Two horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) and yellow (middle). The yellow stripe is twice the size of the red stripes.
Designed by Charles III

The national flag of Spain ( Spanish : Bandera de España ), as it is defined in the Constitution of 1978 , consists of three horizontal stripes: red, yellow and red, the yellow stripe being twice the size of each red stripe. Traditionally, the middle stripe was defined by the more archaic term of gualda , and hence the popular name la Rojigualda (red- weld ). The origin of the current flag of Spain is the naval ensign of 1785, Pabellón de la Marina de Guerra under Charles III of Spain.

It was chosen by Charles III himself among 12 different flags designed by Antonio Valdés y Bazán (all proposed flags were presented in a drawing which is in the Naval Museum of Madrid). The flag remained marine-focused for much of the next 50 years, flying over coastal fortresses, marine barracks and other naval property.

During the Peninsular War the flag could also be found on marine regiments fighting inland. Not until 1820 was the first Spanish land unit (The La Princesa Regiment) provided with one and it was not until 1843 that Queen Isabella II of Spain made the flag official.