Non Residents And The Padrón In Spain?

Non Residents And The Padrón In Spain
If you are a non-resident in Spain, then you do not need to register for the padrón. This is only required if you are a full-time resident in Spain. However, many holiday homeowners with non-resident NIEs may choose to register for the padrón as it can make things easier for them to have access to certain services.

Should non residents be on the padrón?

In summary – It is obligatory for Spanish residents to register on the census ( padrón ) of the town where they live. But it is neither obligatory, nor advantageous, for non-residents to register on the census. Registration is taken as proof of fiscal residency in the case that it is examined by the Authorities. .

Who should be on the padrón in Spain?

Everyone who lives in Spain (more than six months a year ) is obliged to register on the ‘Padron’. The Padron is used by the government and local authorities to keep a ‘head count’ on how many people live in the area.

Is padrón proof of residency?

A Padron Certificate is official proof of address and shows that you do live in Spain. We are advising all our clients who are registering for the first time as residents, to get on the Padron as soon as possible.

How long can you stay in Spain with a padrón?

Obtaining the Padrón. – The Padrón is short for empadronamiento, and it is a certificate given to justify that you live in Spain on a more or less permanent basis. This allows the local government to calculate how many people are living in an area and helps them to petition for grants to improve local facilities.

  1. Officially, all residents in Spain are required by law to register on the padrón;
  2. The padrón is simply a way for the town hall to know how many people live in their area, without entering into investigations as to a person’s official residence status or financial affairs;

In addition, the information provided at registration is confidential and protected by data-protection laws. The Padrón is essential for many daily aspects of life in Spain and can be obtained from the local Town Hall. Each office asks for different paperwork in relation to this and it can sometimes be a frustrating task.

We can verify the paperwork required and provide a translator to accompany you to the Town Hall to obtain this certificate. It is obligatory for anyone staying in Spain for more than six months to obtain a Residencia and a Padrón.

The Padron enables the town hall to do a headcount on the number of permanent dwellers in the area and therefore petition for grants to maintain and improve the infrastructure. You also need to keep on this register if you wish to use, amongst others, the local school facilities, medical facilities and many times, if you wish to apply for facilities offered via Social Security.

  • The Padrón Certificate is needed to register at a health centre and also for a variety of other institutions including getting children into school and a car registered;
  • The Padron has a validity between 30 – 90 days, however only needs to be updated when you actually need to show it to the authorities;

When for you need a padrón? You also need to keep on this register if you wish to use, amongst others, the local school facilities, medical facilities and many times, if you wish to apply for facilities offered via Social Security. Residents who can demonstrate the requisite time on the Padron, can also receive benefits or a cash grant when getting married to another resident or may qualify for financial assistance for any children they have had here in Spain.

By registering on the Padrón, you will also help the Municipality to receive more financial assistance in the form of subsidies and grants from provincial, regional and government authorities for the provision of services.

Those who register for the same, have the right to vote in local elections if registered on the ‘Padron’. You do not have to own your property in order to register, just have an address where you habitually live, no matter whether you are the owner; you rent, or live with family or friends.

The process for obtaining the Padrón. The Padrón is the certificate that enables you to apply for a S. (health card) and other local benefits within your town, such as enrolling your child in a local school, obtaining a bus pass, or using the local library.

To obtain the three-monthly certificate you need to register, which you can do at a town hall office. You will need to take with you:

  • Proof of where you live e. a rental contract or title deed.
  • Passport.
  • Residencia, if your region requires that you apply for this first.
  • Your most recent water bill and electricity bill (now asked for by some town halls).

Once you are registered, the certificate is valid for three months. After this period, you can return to the same office with your passport and previous padrón and they’ll issue a new one. You should renew your padrón at least every five years in order to ensure that your name is kept on the register. Town halls may contact people who have not had their certificate reissued for years and ask them to reaffirm their presence in the area.

This is a quick process and helps them to confirm who exactly is living in the town. How do I register on the padrón? You don’t have to own your house to register, just have an address where you habitually live, no matter whether you are the owner, you rent, or live with family or friends.

Nor is registration a long-drawn-out process. Simply go to the padrón office of your town hall and fill in the form they provide. Take along official identification, such as a passport, and also your N. or residence certificate/card, a recent utility bill in your name, and the deeds to your house or a copy of your rental contract.

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Should I register on the padrón?

Whenever such a question arises on our Facebook forum, we get a plethora of responses when members share their experiences. Members who had to register on the census before being provided with the residency certificate and those that registered afterwards.

Below we provide the facts: 1. Registering on the  town hall census (padrón) is not a requirement for residency applications. Proof of registration would be necessary in some cases where foreigners are residing in Spain illegally, to regulariise their status so that they can apply for residency.

Regardless of the padrón certificate being a requirement or not, most of the foreigners offices (national police stations),  will ask for a certificate before commencing with your residency application. There are a few towns where the certificates  are not required.

So should you bother to register?  To have the certificate before making your residency application would be useful because as stated above, most offices will ask that you provide them with a recent certificate.

There have been many cases where those residing in Spain have been refused the right to register on the padrón,  having been advised by the padrón department  that they would need residency before making the application. This is incorrect. Check 6. Translation from the law; “The objective of demanding identification documentation when requesting registration on the Register is exclusively to verify that the identification data (name, surname, document number, nationality, sex and place and date of birth) are correct, regardless of the legal situation of the foreigner in Spain.

  • The City Council is not responsible for carrying out any controls on the legality or illegality of the residency status of any of its neighbours”;
  • Further proof that a registration certificate is not a requirement; “As there are no photographs on the registration certificates of EU citizens,   the Town Halls may enter both the identification number of the foreigner and the document used to prove their identity on the register for foreigners;

Only when this (certificate) is not available. In the latter case,  the number that appears in the document accrediting the corresponding identity (passport, photo ID) would be recorded in the padron registration. Do update your number once you receive a NIE.

  1. Q&A Q;
  2. I reside in Spain and it is my habitual residence, Is it an obligation to register on the padrón? A;
  3. All persons living in Spain are obliged to register on the Register of the municipality in which they usually reside;

Whoever lives in several municipalities, or at several addresses within the same municipality, must register only in the one that the reside in for the longest time per year. I own a holiday home here and wish to buy a vehicle. I am told I should register on the padrón? A.

No holiday home owners should not register. The padrón  is only for habitual residents of Spain. Registering could have tax implications as the person inscribed is stating that they habitually reside in Spain.

Can the town hall send the police to my home to make a check on those residing there? A. Yes. When there are indications to doubt that the residence will be established in the municipality, or on any of the data declared by the citizen, before proceeding to register  or the modify the data in the Register, the City Council,  will order the necessary processing acts to verify the veracity of the data recorded in the request, issuing the corresponding resolution.

Can I register  in a home where other people are already registered? A. When a citizen requests registration in a domicile in which other people are already registered and asked to provide the document that justifies their  occupation of the home, they must require the written authorisation of a person of legal age who appears registered at that address.

The person who authorises must have some title proving the effective possession of the home (property deeds, rental contract) in their name. Note* where subletting is not permissible, the town  hall can reject the application for registration. I live in a caravan, can I register on the padrón? A.

The  Census must reflect the address where each resident of the municipality actually lives and in the same way that the census registration is completely independent of the legal-private controversies over the ownership of the house,  also of the circumstances of physical, hygienic-sanitary or of another nature that may affect the home.

Consequently, sub-dwellings (shacks, caravans, caves, etc. and even total absence of a roof,  can and should be listed as valid addresses on the Register. what documentation is needed to register? A. -ID,  Residency card or certificate of registration on the foreigners register if available.

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– Property title such as a title deed, purchase agreement, Registry Note, (nota simple) checking municipal databases where said property is recorded, etc. – Current rental contract of housing for use as an habitual residence accompanied by the last rental receipt.

The City Council has the power to accept other documents, having made the checks it deems appropriate (electricity, water supplies, etc. Likewise, the municipal manager will be able to verify by other means (local Police report, inspection of the property.

  • etc;
  • ),  that the neighbour  actually lives at that address;
  • Q Must I produce a NIE to register;
  • A The general criterion is that they must present a valid document issued by the Spanish authorities (preferably the foreigner identity card) containing the NIE (foreigner identification number) and, if they do not have an identity card As a foreigner, the passport number will be recorded;

In the event that the foreigner had initially requested the census registration by identifying himself through the passport, and subsequently presented himself with a foreigner identity card or this is communicated by the INE, the identification number should be modified to adjust it to the latter.

  • Q When I move to another town or region and register there, must I de-register from my previous address;
  • A No;
  • In the register sheet or registration application form it will show that the registration in the Register of that municipality will imply the automatic cancellation of any register registration in another municipality or Consular Registration Registry, Q Is registering on the padrón proof of legal residence in Spain;

B The registration of foreigners in the Municipal Register shall not constitute proof of their legal residence in Spain, nor shall it confer on them any right that is not conferred by current legislation, especially regarding the rights and freedoms of foreigners in Spain.

  • I am an EU citizen, do I have to update my Padron registration? A;
  • EU/EEA citizens and their non-EU family members registered on the central register of foreigners do not have the obligation to renew their registration;

Verification can be carried out by the town  hall to keep the register up-to-date in which ever way they wish to do so. Note*. If your town hall does not act on the regulations or cannot contact you to verify that you continue to reside at the address, they may remove you from the register.

  1. I am a non EU resident;
  2. Do I have to renew my inscription on the padrón  every two years? A;
  3. Yes, applies to all non EU who are not permanent residents (larga duración);
  4. They should renew the registration every two years;

Also applies to anyone not registered as resident. Q Can my data from my registration on the padron be passed to any other administrative offices. A The data of the Municipal Register will be transferred to other public Administrations that request it without prior consent to the affected only when they are necessary for the exercise of their respective powers, and exclusively for matters in which residence or domicile are relevant data.

They can also be used to prepare official statistics subject to statistical secrecy, in the terms provided in Law of May 9, on the Public Statistical Function and in the statistics laws of the autonomous communities with competence in the matter.

Q Can the town hall padrón department insist that I register or apply for residency. A The City Council does not intervene in the granting of residence permits nor is it competent to control them. Its obligation is to reflect in a registry, the Padrón, the address and the circumstances of all the people who live in its municipal term.

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And in the same way that you should not control through the Register the legality or illegality of the occupation of the home, you should not carry out any control over the legality or illegality of the residence in Spanish territory of any of your neighbours.

Note for UK nationals in reference to residency preparation for 2021. All UK Nationals who will no longer hold EU citizen status and are temporary residents, are obliged to update their padrón registration every two years. Family units and especially de facto partners (common law couples), Should insist on a certificate where all family members are included on one certificate, known as a ” empadronamiento  de certificado  colectivo”.

How do I deregister from the padron register. Will vary depending on the town hall. In some cases you can do so online, via telephone on by attending the office. If you are a holiday home owner: Ask for the form ” “Solicitud de baja por inscripción indebida”.

(Improper inscription) Ask for a stamped copy as proof of application or a certificate as proof of de-registration if completed. Leaving Spain, then you need “solicitude de baja por cambio de residencia” (change of residency). Please note: The information provided is based upon our understanding of current legislation.

Who pays non-resident tax in Spain?

Spanish income tax for non-residents who do not rent out their property in Spain (standard declaration) –

Spanish name Impuesto de la renta de no residentes, declaración ordinaria (IRNR)
Description You pay this version of income tax in Spain if the following conditions apply: 1) You do not reside in Spain, 2) You own property in Spain, 3) The property is exclusively for personal use and you do not rent it out, 4) You have no other source of taxable income in Spain. Although you do not earn an income from the property, in the eyes of the Spanish tax authorities you still derive a benefit from owning a property in Spain and therefore have to pay an imputed income tax.
Tax base and rate Tax base: 2% of the cadastral value of the property (found on the IBI receipt), or 1. 1% if the cadastral value has been revised since 1st January 1994. Tax rate 2016: Residents of EU, Iceland and Norway 19%, all others 24%.
Form Use general section 210-A and indicating income type 02.
Dates Presented before the 30th June each year. For example you have from 1st January to 30th June 2006 to declare tax on income during 2005.
Example Cadastral value of property = 200,000 Euros Base = 2,200 Euros Tax = 19% x 2,200 Euros = 418 Euros

.

Do non-residents pay property tax in Spain?

How much can I earn in Spain before paying tax on income from rent? – If you are considered a non-resident in Spain (If you live in Spain for less than 183 days), taxes will apply to your income at flat rates with no deductions. If you own a property and if you are considered a non-resident, whether or not you rent it, you are obliged to submit a tax return and pay Spanish property taxes as well as local property taxes for non-residents.

What are the benefits of padrón in Spain?

Do I need a padrón to buy a car in Spain?

Requirements – Foreigners, whether from the European Union or not, may buy a car in Spain, either a second or a new one, and have their car to use in Spain for a total of 6 moths (it is not necessary a 6-month continuous period ) in any calendar year. In order to buy a Spanish-registered car, foreigners need to meet one of the following requirements :

  • Holding a NIE number.
  • Holding a residence card.
  • Registration with the Town Hall ( this certificate is named “padrón” in Spain).

What do I need to register on the padrón in Spain?

Original passport and photocopy; and NIE or registration certificate from the national police (‘policia nacional’) foreigners office, plus photocopy. Proof of ownership of property – either your title deeds or a rates receipt in your name, plus photocopy.

What documents do you need to get the padrón?

What documents do you need to get the padrón?

What documents do I need to get a padrón in Spain?

Documents you will need when registering Original passport and photocopy; and NIE or registration certificate from the national police (‘policia nacional’) foreigners office, plus photocopy. Proof of ownership of property – either your title deeds or a rates receipt in your name, plus photocopy.

Do I need a padrón to buy a car in Spain?

Requirements – Foreigners, whether from the European Union or not, may buy a car in Spain, either a second or a new one, and have their car to use in Spain for a total of 6 moths (it is not necessary a 6-month continuous period ) in any calendar year. In order to buy a Spanish-registered car, foreigners need to meet one of the following requirements :

  • Holding a NIE number.
  • Holding a residence card.
  • Registration with the Town Hall ( this certificate is named “padrón” in Spain).

What are the benefits of padrón in Spain?