Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain?

Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain
We are calling for the Madrid authorities to immediately revoke Vivotecnia’s licence to carry out experiments and the closure of the facility. We are also demanding an urgent review by the European Union of all toxicity testing and an action plan plotting a roadmap to bring animal testing to an end.

Does Spain test on animals?

In this post we take a closer look at Spain’s recently published animal research statistics for 2015 ( see previous years here ). These show that in 2015, there were 858,946 procedures on animals for scientific purposes , up 5% from 2014 (821,570 procedures). Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain Animal Research in Spain in 2015. Click to Enlarge One of the main reasons for this rise is the large increase in the use of birds, mainly chickens, which more than doubled since 2014. Zebrafish, which saw a huge 250% rise in 2014, decreased by 30%. Cephalalopoda (e. Octopuses, squid and cuttlefish) almost doubled in number after being included in the 2014 statistics for the first time (in line with the EU Directive). Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain Most research was on mice, fish, birds and rats Mice, rats, fish and birds accounted for over 91% of research animals in Spain, roughly the same proportion as other EU countries. Dogs, cats and primates account for less than 0. 2% of all research procedures in Spain in 2015; again, similar to other EU countries and to previous years in Spain. Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain The new EU guidelines also require retrospective reporting of animal suffering in experiments. Of the 858,946 procedures, 44. 7% were mild, 38. 5% were moderate, 8. 0% were severe, and 8. 7% non-recovery (where the animal is fully anaesthetised before surgery and then never woken up). For more information see Table 3 of the Government statistical release (in Spanish). Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain Animal Research Trends in Spain The number of animals used in testing and research since 2009 has fallen from a little over 1. 4 million animals to just over 850,000 in 2015. These older statistics are available on the website of the Ministry for Agriculture. Other insights that could be gleaned from the statistics:

  • 31. 6% of studies involved the use of genetically altered animals.
  • Nearly all animals (~98%) came from within the EU
  • No wild caught primates were used. Of the 290 primates (not to be confused with the number of procedures on primates) 281 were either the grandchildren (F2) or beyond of wild caught animals.
  • The most common use of animals was Basic research (50. 5%), followed by Translational and Applied Research (26. 3%) and Regulatory use (16. 8%).

We aim to keep our readers abreast of the latest developments in animal statistics worldwide. Keep your eyes out for more stats on the horizon. Source of Spanish statistics:  http://www. mapama. gob. es/es/ganaderia/temas/produccion-y-mercados-ganaderos/informedeusodeanimalesen2015_tcm7-436494. pdf.

Is animal testing banned in Spain?

Law 32 also provides for the licensing of the use of animals in research, prohibits testing cosmetics on animals, and incorporates the Three Rs principles (reduce the number of animals used, refine methods to minimize suffering, and replace animal models where it is deemed possible).

What countries test on animals?

What is animal testing? – subtitle: Animals used in laboratories are deliberately harmed, not for their own good, and are usually killed at the end of the experiment. Science Page .

How many animals are tested on each year?

Animals are used for a variety of purposes in the United States—for food and other products; in sports and entertainment; for companionship; for the production of enzymes, hormones, and other biological products; and in research, testing, and education.

The largest use of animals is in food and fiber production, accounting for over 5 billion vertebrates each year (U. Department of Agriculture, 1985). An estimated 110 million dogs and cats are household pets in the United States.

Between 17 million and 22 million animals are estimated to be used annually in the United States in research, education, and testing. About 85 percent of these are rats and mice, and less than 2 percent are cats, dogs, and nonhuman primates (Office of Technology Assessment, 1986).

  • Animals are used in research to improve the health and welfare of humans and animals and to gain basic knowledge that cannot be gained in other ways;
  • Research conducted on animals varies widely in its impact on the animal subjects themselves;

One field of behavioral research consists of observations of animals living in colonies that simulate their natural environments but with adequate food supplies and no predators. In some research projects, animals are subjected to experimental procedures and then receive supportive care, because their long-term survival and the validation of methods are the goals of treatment (examples include the development of organ transplantation and chronic toxicology).

Some research animals are subjected to toxic substances and painful procedures until they are disabled or die, as when determining the lethal dose of radiation used in cancer therapy. Some are killed to obtain an essential organ, such as the liver, to be used in further studies.

Others are anesthetized, subjected to an experimental procedure, and killed without regaining consciousness. Not only is there considerable variation in how animals are used, but there is variation in how many and what types of animals are used in experiments.

Does Spain have animal cruelty laws?

Care of companion animals – The European Convention for the Protection of Pet Animals is a treaty of the Council of Europe to companion animals and ensure minimum protection standards. Signed in 1987, the treaty entered into force in 1992 and is now open to countries outside members from the Council of Europe.

As of March 2019, the Convention has been ratified by 24 countries, including Spain. On 9 October 2015, Spain signed the European Convention on the Protection of Pets. Article 1 prohibits anyone from causing unnecessary pain, suffering or distress, or to abandon a companion animal.

Article 2 creates a duty of care onto animal owners, responsible for their health and welfare. Article 10 forbids surgical procedures for the purpose of modifying the appearance of a companion animal, or for other non-curative purposes. In particular, the docking of tails, the cropping of ears, devocalisation, declawing and defanging are prohibited.

Exceptions exist if a veterinarian considers non-curative procedures necessary or to prevent the reproduction of animals. Article 11 specifies that the killing of companion animals shall be done with the minimum of physical and mental suffering appropriate to the circumstances.

Chapter III contains Supplementary Measures for Stray Animals. Article 12 mandates that the capture of stray animals must be done with the least amount of suffering possible. Once captured, animals may be kept or killed ‘in accordance with the principles laid down in this Convention’.

The Penal Code forbids to cruelly treat companion animals, or to unjustifiably cause death or injuries causing serious physical impairment to companion animals. Law 32/2007 explicitly does not apply to companion animals (Article 2(d)), with the exception of the First Additional Provision and the anti-cruelty provisions in Article 14.

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This First Additional Provision states that the provisions on animal transport apply to companion animals, namely, that the means of transport shall not cause unnecessary suffering to the animals. Most offences considered animal cruelty, such as the slaughter of animals outside cases specifically allowed, or the use of animals in fights, is also prohibited against companion animals (Article 14).

How do I report animal cruelty in Spain?

To report a welfare concern – To report an act of animal cruelty, mistreatment, neglect, injury or distress in Spain, you must go to the police in person and make a written report, called a denuncia. This must be done at your local Police Comisaría. See this link  for a full list of local offices across every region in Spain.

Denuncias are best done in Spanish so you may need to take a Spanish-speaker to the police station with you. You can also report the matter to your local ayuntamiento (council). See this link  for a full list of local ayuntamiento offices across every region in Spain.

We will try to help if possible but please be aware that we have only a small team of part-time volunteers and our resources are very limited. .

Are cigarettes still tested on animals?

Health officials have known for decades that smoking cigarettes causes disease in nearly every organ of the human body and that animal tests are poor predictors of these effects. Yet cruel, irrelevant animal tests are still being conducted. In these tests, rats sealed in small canisters are forced to breathe cigarette smoke or vapors from electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) for up to six hours straight, every day, for as long as two years. Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain In the past, experimenters attached tubes to holes in dogs’ and monkeys’ necks or strapped masks to their faces to force smoke into their lungs. In other experiments, experimenters applied cigarette tar directly to mice and rats’ bare skin to induce the growth of skin tumors. Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain The Guardian In this photo from the 1970s, dogs in a testing laboratory were forced to inhale cigarette smoke. Today, dogs are no longer routinely used, but testing of cigarettes continues with other animals. Crucial Differences Different animals have different reactions to toxins, and animals in laboratories aren’t exposed to cigarette smoke or e-vapors in the same manner or time frame as human smokers are—making animal tests poor predictors of the results in humans. This isn’t surprising when you consider the biological differences between humans and other animals, such as the following:

  • Rats breathe faster than humans and only through their noses, whereas humans can breathe through their nose or mouth.
  • Rats live close to the ground, and their noses do a better job of filtering the air they inhale.
  • A rat’s nose is smaller than a human’s nose, and therefore, a rat cannot inhale larger particles that can enter human lungs.
  • The cells found in rat and human lungs differ, which affects their ability to cope with toxins.

Simply put—rats or other animals shouldn’t be used to predict what might happen in humans. Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain.

Is dog fighting legal in Spain?

Panama [ edit ] – Law 308 on the Protection of Animals was approved by the National Assembly of Panama on 15 March 2012. Article 7 of the law states: ‘Dog fights, animal races, bullfights – whether of the Spanish or Portuguese style – the breeding, entry, permanence and operation in the national territory of all kinds of circus or circus show that uses trained animals of any species, are prohibited.

What is the national animal of Spain?

The Official National (State) Animal of Spain – The bull is the national animal and an important cultural symbol of Spain. Its cultural status stems from the popularity of bullfighting, which dates back to the 8th century. The most famous event, the Running of the Bulls, takes place every year between July 7th and 14th in the city of Pamplona as part of the San Fermin Festival.

Is there still animal testing in 2022?

Every year, tens of thousands of rabbits, guinea pigs, rats and mice suffer to test cosmetics, even though producing cruelty-free beauty products is safe and simple, and animal testing is not required by law. There is no one who disputes the basic cruelty of cosmetics testing, in which animals have substances forced down their throats, dripped into their eyes, or smeared onto their skin.

  1. They cause eye reddening, swelling, ulceration, skin fissures, bleeding, and even blindness;
  2. The animals spend their short lives undergoing painful tests and they are left to suffer for days on end without pain relief before being killed;

These are archaic tests and they are fundamentally unnecessary. Not only are there many companies now creating products using thousands of existing ingredients that do not require new testing, there are also lots of non-animal methods available for the testing of new cosmetic ingredients , methods that are invariably quicker, less expensive and more accurate and human-relevant than conventional animal tests.

  1. We can meet our needs for safely developing innovative new products by relying on state-of-the-art non-animal tests in combination with a reliance on existing ingredients with established histories of safe use;

Public policy is finally catching up with public anger over the suffering of animals in product testing. As a result, eight states have passed laws that ban the sale of cosmetics newly tested on animals. Five of them passed just last year, and we expect to see more states introduce such measures in 2022. Toxicity Testing On Animals At Vivotecnia Spain Photo by Daniel McCarthy on Unsplash Better still, we’re working to secure passage of federal legislation that would resolve this issue in the United States. The Humane Cosmetics Act (H. 6207/S. 3357) , newly reintroduced with strong bipartisan support in both the U. House and Senate , would do just that by prohibiting the use of animals to test cosmetics and banning the sale of animal-tested cosmetics. The legislation is supported by the Personal Care Products Council, the trade association which represents 90% of the U.

cosmetics industry, approximately 600 member companies. In addition, 370 companies have independently supported the legislation. The Humane Cosmetics Act would end the use of rabbits, mice, rats and guinea pigs to test ingredients developed for personal care products such as lipstick, shampoo, body lotion, and mascara, as well as the final products.

Not only that, but the proposed law would also prohibit the import and sale of cosmetics that have been tested on animals anywhere else in the world. Globally, 41 countries, including member states of the European Union, Australia, Guatemala, India, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan, and Turkey have passed laws prohibiting or limiting cosmetics testing on animals.

  1. In 2021, Mexico became the first country in North America to outlaw cosmetics testing on animals;
  2. These advances show that there is a strong momentum towards ending the suffering of animals used for cosmetics testing;
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Until uniform laws are passed to prohibit animal testing for cosmetics, consumers can use the Leaping Bunny guide , a list of cruelty-free brands compiled by the Coalition for Consumer Information on Cosmetics to identify personal care, household and pet care products that aren’t tested on animals.

As consumers, we have the power to accelerate the shift toward non-animal testing methods, by becoming more compassionate shoppers. We can do the same as engaged citizens. Help us make 2022 the year that sees a ban on cosmetics testing in the U.

Please urge your federal legislators to take action and cosponsor or support the Humane Cosmetics Act so the U. can join over 40 other countries that have banned or limited the use of cosmetics testing on animals.

Which countries do not allow animal testing?

Australia, Colombia, Guatemala, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan, Turkey and several states in Brazil have also passed laws to ban or limit cosmetic animal testing.

Is animal testing illegal in Europe?

On 11th March 2013 the full ban came into effect and it is now illegal to market or sell cosmetics in the EU where the finished product or ingredients have been tested on animals.

What animal is tested on the most?

Uses in Research – Mice and rats make up approximately 95% of all laboratory animals, with mice the most commonly used animal in biomedical research. Mice are a commonly selected animal model for a variety of reasons, including small size (facilitating housing and maintenance); short reproductive cycle and lifespan; generally mild-tempered and docile; wealth of information regarding their anatomy, genetics, biology, and physiology; and the possibility for breeding genetically manipulated mice and mice that have spontaneous mutations.

  • Mice have been used as research subjects for studies ranging from biology to psychology to engineering;
  • They are used to model human diseases for the purpose of finding treatments or cures;
  • Some of the diseases they model include: hypertension, diabetes, cataracts, obesity, seizures, respiratory problems, deafness, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, various cancers, cystic fibrosis, and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), heart disease, muscular dystrophy, and spinal cord injuries;

Mice are also used in behavioral, sensory, aging, nutrition, and genetic studies. This list is in no way complete as geneticists, biologists, and other scientists are rapidly finding new uses for the domestic mouse in research.

Are animals killed after animal testing?

What happens to the animals once an experiment is over? – Animals are typically killed once an experiment is over so that their tissues and organs can be examined, although it is not unusual for animals to be used in multiple experiments over many years.

  • There are no accurate statistics available on how many animals are killed in laboratories every year;
  • In some cases, animals die as a direct result of the experiment;
  • For example, the LD50 (lethal dose 50%) test, which is typically performed on mice, rats, pigeons, quail and fish, involves determining the dose of a substance (such as a pesticide) that kills (or would lead to the death of) 50% of the animals tested;

It is extremely rare that animals are either adopted out or placed into a sanctuary after research is conducted on them. However, more and more states are passing laws that require laboratories, when possible, to offer dogs and cats to shelters and other rescue organizations so they can be adopted after the experiments have ended.

Do animals survive animal testing?

Although there has been a steady decline in laboratory tests on animals since 2007, Israel remains liable to criticism from animal rights groups. The Health Ministry’s council for experimentation on animals released for the first time Sunday disturbing data about the objects of lab testing: In 2011, just 3 percent of animals subjected to lab testing were returned to nature at the end of the experiments.

  • Israel Uses 6% More Animals in Testing

The data indicate that in 2011, tests were conducted on 279,608 animals. This represents a 2. 4 percent drop compared to the preceding year. Most of lab tests conducted last year featured mice (63 percent ) and rats (20 percent ). Over 25,000 chickens were subjected to lab testing, as were 9,600 fish, 1,340 frogs, 1,020 pigs, 960 cows, 195 bats, 90 pigeons, 33 monkeys, 10 horses, 14 dogs and four cats.

The report does not relate to thousands of animals exposed to tests conducted by the defense establishment. Responding a request filed by the Behind Closed Doors non-profit organization that promotes animal rights in lab testing, the ministry’s council carried out this unprecedented disclosure of details about experimentation on animals in 2011.

As it turns out, the vast majority of animals – 97 percent – are killed at the end of experimentation. Just a small fraction of animals, 6,286 in total, were returned to nature or to their habitat. Of those returned to their natural habitat, 893 were cows, 750 were fish and 45 were bats.

  • The data indicate that 62 percent of lab animals suffered from continuing pain, at various levels of intensity;
  • An international scale of pain in lab testing was applied in these findings;
  • “We are pleased by the decrease in the use of animals in testing, and hope that this attests to a welcome trend rather than a coincidental statistic,” commented Behind Closed Doors director Anat Refua;

“At the same time, the last state comptroller’s report referred to a number of major problems in the monitoring and conduct of lab testing on animals in Israel, and we are committed to continuing our work to reduce the number of tests until they are eliminated entirely.

Are UK cigarettes tested on animals?

What’s the hidden cost of animal experiments? Our augmented reality experience will show you. – Try It Now Are Smoking Experiments on Animals Required? Belgium, Estonia, Germany, Slovakia, and the U. have banned tobacco product development and testing using animals.

1-5  U. law does not have outright requirements for toxicity testing of tobacco products (including e-cigarettes) or their ingredients on animals. Manufacturers of these products must show the U. Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) that any new products are equally or less toxic than conventional cigarettes, and they can choose what test methods to use to do so.

However, the CTP may reject a company’s application that doesn’t include animal tests and suggest testing on animals in order to get a product on the market. In addition, animal experiments to study the diseases caused by cigarette smoking is commonplace, especially at universities.

For example, in 2015, a useless study conducted at three U. universities forced monkeys to inhale cigarette smoke for six hours every day for one year before they were killed, only to confirm that a biomarker of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was reduced—something that had been known from human COPD patients since at least 1992.

6,7 The Way Forward Instead of conducting animal tests, companies can use non-animal (computer- and human cell–based) tests and the existing body of knowledge from human epidemiological and clinical studies about the health concerns associated with smoking.

Non-animal methods overcome the species-specific differences between humans and rodents and can deliver human-relevant data. For example, three-dimensional tissue models of the human respiratory tract can be used.

These tissues can be formed from cells of donors of different ages, sexes, and races as well as former or current smokers or patients with smoking-related diseases such as COPD. To end experiments on animals, PETA funds the development of non-animal tests and PETA scientists attend and host meetings and workshops to persuade researchers and regulators around the world to end tests on animals.

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In addition, since the FDA was given the authority to regulate tobacco in 2009, PETA has submitted scientific comments on numerous occasions, urging the agency not to require tests on animals and allow tobacco companies to submit data from modern non-animal tests.

PETA began a shareholder campaign in 2005 by filing a resolution with Altria Group, formerly Philip Morris Companies, Inc. PETA then filed shareholder resolutions with Philip Morris International and R. Reynolds Tobacco Company, calling on them to end experiments on animals.

In 2013, Lorillard Tobacco Company (which R. Reynolds purchased in 2014) issued a policy banning all animal testing unless such tests become required by federal regulations in the future. Other companies, such as Imperial Brands and British American Tobacco , have since made similar commitments.

What You Can Do Tell the CTP to follow the lead of other countries by banning tobacco product and ingredient tests on animals. FDA Center for Tobacco Products (CTP) E-mail: [email protected] Twitter: @FDATobacco / https://twitter. com/FDATobacco Facebook: https://www.

  • facebook;
  • com/FDA References 1 Wallonian Government (Belgium);
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  • National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Estonia;
  • European Commission; 2004;

3 Government of Germany. Animal Welfare Act. §7a(4). Accessed December 22, 2021. 4 Glasa J, National Regulations on Ethics and Research in Slovak Republic. European Commission; 2004. 5 Home Office. Guidance on the Operation of the Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act 1986.

Chapter 5, Sec. 23. Accessed December 22, 2021. 6 Zhu L et al. , ” Repression of CC16 by cigarette smoke (CS) exposure ,” PLoS One. 2015;10(1):e0116159. 7 Bernard A et al. ” Clara cell protein in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage ,” Eur Respir J.

1992;5(10):1231-1238. Accessed December 22, 2021.

Can I take my pet to Spain?

Entering (or Re-Entering) Spain with Pets: The Basics – If you are entering Spain from another EU country, your pet must be at least 12 weeks and 21 days old, will need to have a microchip or other approved type of identification on their bodies, a current rabies vaccine and a European pet passport.

  • If you are coming from a non-EU country, you must enter Spain through one of the designated Travelers’ Points of Entry (January-2022) and declare to the Guardia Civil’s Tax Department that you are traveling with a pet and provide its documentation;

In order to enter Spain, your pet must be at least 12 weeks and 21 days old, will need to have a microchip or other approved type of identification on their bodies, a current rabies vaccine, a health inspection certified by an official veterinarian in your home country (with Spanish translation) and certified copies of the identification and vaccination documents.

You may also be asked for a written declaration in which you will have to specify the purpose of your trip and indicate that your intent is to keep your pet with you and not to sell it. NOTE: If you’re arriving from a country not listed in Section 4 of Annex II of Regulation (EU) 577/2013 , your pet will also have to have undergone a rabies serological test (a blood test) in an authorized laboratory.

You may only enter the country with up to five pets—which is the legal limit for pet ownership in Spain—unless you can prove that the animals are training for or participating in some kind of sporting event. If that is the case, each animal must be at least six months old.

What are the rules in Spain for Covid?

COVID-19: Passengers (except for children under the age of 12 and those in international transit) arriving from countries that do NOT belong to the European Union or are NOT considered Schengen associated countries, must show an EU DIGITAL COVID CERTIFICATE OR EU EQUIVALENT or the SpTH QR, in order to pass the health.

What happens if you get positive Covid test in Spain?

Developing symptoms or testing positive for COVID-19 in Spain – If you have symptoms or test positive for COVID-19 during your stay in Spain, you are not required to self-isolate but you should inform direct contacts and take the following extra precautionary measures for 10 days from diagnosis or from when symptoms began:

  • wear a mask
  • reduce social interactions and avoid crowded spaces & large events
  • avoid contact with people at high risk (including older people, people with health conditions and pregnant women)

Hotels and other accommodation providers may have their own COVID-19 protocols in place. You should abide by any safety measures put in place by your accommodation provider. Your accommodation provider may have a list of private doctors that they can call to assess your symptoms and conduct a COVID-19 test. Remember that an EHIC or GHIC covers state healthcare only, not private treatment.

You will be responsible for the cost of any treatment provided by a private doctor or hospital. Rapid lateral flow tests (‘pruebas de antígenos’) are widely available in pharmacies in Spain for a fee. If your symptoms persist or get worse, you should  call your regional hotline.

Most of the regional hotlines listed have English speaking staff. Some regions offer alternative helpline numbers for those calling from non-Spanish mobile phones:

  • Andalusia: Tel. +34 955 545 060
  • Balearic Islands: Tel. +34 971 211 991
  • Canary Islands: Tel. +34 928 301012 for Gran Canaria province or +34 922 470012 for Santa Cruz de Tenerife province
  • Catalonia: Tel. +34 933 039 944

You should follow the advice of the local authorities at all times. In any emergency, call 112.