What Do I Need To Sign On The Padron In Spain?
- Víctormanuel Paz
Living in Spain: 1 Signing on to the municipal padrón Click for: Full list of factsheets, Click Full list of factsheets What is a padrón and why do I need one? The Padrón is essentially a list compiled at municipal level of all the people who live within each Spanish municipality ( or council district). Empadronarse – the verb used to describe the action of registering yourself on the municipal register of your local town hall. Who should register? All of those who live in Spain and have Spain as their habitual residence should sign on to the municipal padrón.
There is no need to sign on to the padrón if you own a holiday home here, but your habitual residence is not in Spain. It is also not necessary to sign on to the padrón in order to buy a property. There is a great deal of confusion amongst expats as to whether property owners who divide their time between the UK and Spain should sign on to the padrón, but unless you spend more time in Spain than abroad, it’s not necessary to sign up.
The padrón is basically a means by which local authorities formulate the quantities of residents they have registered as living within their own local areas, figures which are used by the councils to obtain correct funding via central government for basic services such as health and education.
A few years ago everybody buying a property was encouraged to sign on to the padrón, but when it became obvious that in coastal areas the padrón was no longer an accurate form of measuring the population this was discouraged and municipal registers were cleaned to remove anyone who was no longer a permanent resident.
Some expats who do not live here have signed onto the padrón in order to buy a car, but in reality this is a fairly small number. Nobody has actually ever given an official answer as to how this is to be circumvented, the advice often appearing on forums being to buy the car and then deregister once having purchased the vehicle, but that’s not from an official source, although it is a practical way of dealing with the situation.
Many expats fail to sign on to the padrón, then express concern when their needs are not taken into consideration, but as Spain clamps down on some of the irregularities of the past, signing on to the padrón is becoming increasingly important in order to ensure access to health cover and the right to vote.
Being registered on the padrón doesn´t necessarily mean that those signed up will be subjected to fiscal checks or tax inspections, this is simply a local municipal register of residents. How do I register on the padrón? It’s not necessary to own your own house to register, those who rent, but live in an area can also be registered on the padrón.
- Even living with family or friends is acceptable, as long as you can prove that you live at the address in question;
- Where do I register on the padrón? Each town council will have a dedicated municipal padrón office;
This is very often inside the Town Hall, although in larger cities there may be more than one office. It’s quite normal for larger councils to have satellite offices which act as municipal offices in the outlying districts or suburbs but if in doubt, contact the Town hall and ask.
What do I need to take along in order to register on the padrón? Simply go to the padrón office of your town hall and fill in the form they provide. Take along official identification, such as a passport, and also your NIE or residence certificate/card, a recent utility bill in your name, and the deeds to your house or a copy of your rental contract.
Although you may have to return to collect your certificate, the actual registration is completed all on the same day. What are the benefits of being on the padrón? Better public services Central Government allocates finances to the different municipalities according to how many people are on the padrón.
Therefore, if you are not registered, your town hall is unable to claim money from central government for the provision of health centres, police officers, fire fighters and schools. Access to benefits and social care It is a common misconception that there are no Spanish social services available for expats.
Non-nationals are just as entitled to services as their Spanish counterparts, providing they are properly registered with the authorities and fulfil basic fiscal status. However, you have to be registered on the padrón for a determined period of time to be able to gain entitlement to some income-related benefits and other aspects of social care available through social services at your town hall.
- This will include disability passes, benefits, access to social services;
- A reduction in taxes Depending on the town hall, registration on the padrón could mean deductions on some basic taxes and reductions in certain community charges and inheritance tax;
Furthermore, those on the padrón can also often enjoy discounted courses, leisure and cultural activities, free language tuition, run by the town hall. Voting rights Unhappy with the way your local municipality is run? Then vote in the next elections. However, if you’re not on the padrón, you don´t have a voice, so in order to vote in local or European elections, make sure you’re registered on the padrón.
An easier life Youll find you need your padrón certificate to carry out various administrative tasks, such as register for healthcare, register your car with Spanish number plates or enrol your children in school.
Renewing padrón certificates It is necessary for non-EU nationals to renew their padrón registration, but not for EU citizens. However, many municipal padróns were cleaned between 2010 and 2012, as many people had sold up and failed to notify the authorities, so it is always advisable to check with your local authority if it is some years since you registered with them, particularly in the run-up to local elections, otherwise you may find that you are no longer on the list.
- Obtaining copies of padrón certificates Very often a copy of a padrón certificate is requested during the course of common bureaucratic procedures, as the actual physical certificate is only valid for 3 months;
Your local council will print off another copy of the certificate on request. What happens in the eventuality of death or leaving Spain? If you decide to leave Spain, contact the council and tell them you are no longer resident in Spain otherwise they will continue to claim for financing in order to support you.
What documents do I need for my padrón?
What do I need to update my padrón?
How long does Padron last? – The Spanish citizens don’t need to renew it. But, if you are British, Irish, or any other country in the Europe Union you need to renew it every 5 years. But there a difference between the Padron registration and the certificate.
- The document “el Certificado de Empadronamiento” this paper is valid only for 3 months as all the public documents in Spain;
- To update the certificate you just need to go to the office with a copy of your passport;
You only can be registered in the Padron as a resident, so if you apply without your residency card, you have 3 months togo back to the town hall office and show your Residency. If you don’t do it, they will deregister. It is so important to update your Padron information because if you get deregistered you can lose your public medical card.
What documents do I need to renew my padrón in Spain?
What do you need a padrón for in Spain?
What is el padrón for? – The padrón in Spain has two main purposes:
- Local, regional, national, or European elections.
Through the census, authorities calculate how many public services each area needs. The more people registered, the more services an area receives. You can read statistics about Spain’s population ( INE padrón ). Regarding voting, at election time you’ll receive a letter informing you where to vote. If you are not registered on the padrón , you won’t be able to vote. To clear up any misconceptions, el padrón is not:
- A form of ID
- Your Spanish residency
- A necessary document to keep in your vehicle
- Something you need to renew every so often, just when the town hall says so
Can I get my padrón online?
Many Town Halls offer this possibility through the electronic office on their website, but there is also a national government website through which you can arrange for this, provided you live in one of the provincial capitals, or capital of an autonomous region.
You need a digital certificate to access the service. Info on how to obtain and install a digital certificate in our Library, Certificates and Forms section. LINK TO GOVERNMENT SITE TO PRINT PADRÓN CERTIFICATE Please note: The information provided is based upon our understanding of current legislation.
It is not legal advice but is provided freely to enable you to be properly informed. We recommend that if you are considering taking action, you should seek professional advice.
Can non residents be on the padrón in Spain?
If you are a non-resident in Spain, then you do not need to register for the padrón. This is only required if you are a full-time resident in Spain. However, many holiday homeowners with non-resident NIEs may choose to register for the padrón as it can make things easier for them to have access to certain services.