Why Do They Have Bars On Windows In Spain?
- Víctormanuel Paz
Why Do Spanish Properties Have Bars on the Windows? Here’s Why After dealing with thousands of properties, we understand the features that come with the Spanish lifestyle. One question we’re often asked is why do Spanish properties have bars on the windows? So here’s the guide on the reasons and benefits of why the Spanish properties have bars at the windows.
- Spanish properties have bars on the windows as a measure of protection against break-in or burglary, to allow safe open ventilation in hot weather, and to provide safety for pets and children;
- Also, some insurance providers require the fitting of bars or provide discounts for such security measures;
In Spain, these bars are called ‘rejas’ and rejas is the Spanish word for grilles. The fact that they’re bars hopefully makes this pretty self-explanatory. that the bars are used to keep any uninvited visitors out of the premises. This is why they’re often referred to as burglar bars.
- Not just windows, you might find these bars outside of doors as well in some of the houses;
- The concept of rejas dates back to ancient times and many believe that they were used not just for the purpose of security;
So to comprehensively answer the question that why Spanish windows have bars on them, we should take into account some other factors as well.
Why do they put bars on windows?
by Nick Gromicko , CMI® and Kenton Shepard Window bars (also called safety bars and security bars) are metal bars that are installed to prevent intruders from entering a building. As an unintended consequence, window bars can slow or prevent egress during an emergency. Facts
- Roughly 25 people die or are injured annually in fires where escape is hindered by window bars.
- According to the National Fire Protection Agency, the number of deaths caused by fire related to security bars is on the rise.
- The fear of burglary, theft and/or physical attack presents a greater perceived risk than the threat of fire.
- Seventy people died in a hotel fire on August 18, 2001 in the Philippines. The victims were trapped inside the six-story hotel by window bars.
Advantages of Window Bars
- They are a deterrent to potential burglars. They are mostly used in ground-floor windows, which are most vulnerable to intrusion.
- They provide a sense of security to building occupants.
- They can prevent children from falling out of the window.
Disadvantages of Window Bars
- They can block the exit for occupants during an emergency, such as a fire. The occupants may feel secure from burglary, but they have severely limited their avenues of egress. Ironically, it is possible for occupants to become trapped behind window bars while trying to escape from an intruder who has managed to enter the building.
- They can potentially block the entry point for firefighters.
- Houses equipped with window bars can potentially decrease the home’s property value. Window bars can make a neighborhood appear insecure to potential home buyers.
Requirements for a Quick-Release Mechanism According to the 2006 International Residential Code (IRC), basements and sleeping rooms should have at least one operable emergency escape and rescue opening. Windows that are equipped with bars and which are intended for emergency egress should have a quick-release mechanism installed. If a room’s egress requirements are already satisfied by another window or door, it is still helpful for window bars to be equipped with a quick-release mechanism. Where window bars are installed in windows that are part of a building’s means of egress, the IRC requires that they be equipped with a quick-release mechanism that complies with the following requirements:
- It should be accessible from the inside of the house. Although not addressed by the IRC, the device should not be accessible from outside the house if the window were to be broken.
- It should not require a key or combination. Likely reasons for this requirement are as follows:
- During an emergency, occupants may become too panicked or confused to remember the combination or where they put the key.
- Fire and smoke may prevent access to the key or obscure view of the lock.
- Occupants may not know the combination or know where the key was placed.
- It should not require any special tools, such as a screwdriver.
- The mechanism should be able to be operated with relatively little force. Children and the elderly should be strong enough to operate the release mechanism.
- Operation of the mechanism should not require special knowledge.
Although beyond the scope of InterNACHI’s Standards of Practice, inspectors may want to test release mechanisms to make sure that they comply with the IRC’s requirements. Even if the mechanism appears functional, it is possible that its ability to operate has become compromised by rust, paint, or some other factor. Inspectors should call out any hindrances to the release mechanism’s functionality as a safety defect. In summary, window bars are valuable anti-burglary features in residences, but they should be able to be easily disengaged so occupants are not trapped during an emergency. .
Why do Spanish houses have shutters on the windows?
‘One of the great things about Spanish shutters is the way that they maintain a cool temperature in the searing heat whilst allowing light to filter in through the room. ‘They also enliven the streetscape,’ he said.
Why do old houses have bars on the windows?
Photo by Kristine Larsen A far cry from the prison-like bars sold today, 19th-century window guards actually enhanced the look of a home, making its inhabitants feel secure, not confined. Used on windows in urban areas from Charleston to Chicago, they kept intruders out while letting air and light in. The strong wrought-iron bars were often embellished with decorative cast flowers, tassels, or medallions. By the 1880s, dozens of companies competed to satisfy Victorian-era America’s appetite for window guards and other ornamental ironwork.
Do window bars deter burglars?
Window Bars – One of the simplest and most affordable solutions for how to burglar-proof windows is to install bars on the exterior of the windows. These bars keep would-be thieves from being able to gain access to the window to force it open or break the glass. However, window bars are obtrusive, and not many people want them to change the appearance of their homes. So what do you do if you want to prevent window break-ins without unsightly bars?.
Do bars on windows lower property value?
Window Bars for Home Security – Posting signs announcing the presence of an alarm system, obvious security cameras, and visible access to ground-level windows can keep criminals and potential break-ins at bay. Security bars on windows can send the same serious message to potential burglars.
- Ramping up your property’s security with window bars adds immediate value for you as a homeowner;
- In fact, any security measures you install do;
- Potential buyers can clearly see that the house is more protected against burglary, theft, and extreme weather when it is time to sell it;
Plus, it’s one less thing they will have to install themselves when they move in. Some may argue that window security bars are a sign that a neighborhood is unsafe. But at Master Seal, we think you can never be too safe. Any neighborhood can experience crime, even those you least expect. While you should also consider other security measures like motion-activated exterior lights or an alarm system, consider installing window bars if:
- You want to install any preventative measures possible
- You are interested in possible lower insurance premiums
- You live in a community with no neighborhood watch program, no local home security companies, or one so remote that emergency services would take a while to respond
- You have basement or ground-level windows
Improving the security of your business or commercial property is also a good idea. Window bars help provide the same benefits to your business as they do to your home.
What are the metal bars on windows called?
A muntin (US), muntin bar, glazing bar (UK), or sash bar is a strip of wood or metal separating and holding panes of glass in a window. Muntins can be found in doors, windows, and furniture, typically in Western styles of architecture.
How do you open a door in Spain?
Construction – In American neighborhoods, most single-family homes or apartment complexes are built with a traditional wood frame around which the insulation, siding, and walls are put up. Because of this, house fires are often particularly destructive and tornadoes easily plow through towns.
- In Spain, it seems pretty standard to construct houses and apartments with a reinforced concrete frame and then build up all the walls with bricks; the outside is covered in plaster and paint and the inside with drywall;
Fun fact: the Spanish word albañil literally means “bricklayer” but because the act of laying bricks is so central to construction here, by metonymy albañil effectively means “construction worker. ” Have you ever experienced culture shock in a Spanish home? Add your stories and observations in the thread below!.
What are the shutters called in Spain?
I don’t know what’s the first origin of the item, but about the spanish word it is as I answered. In English, they are called Venetian blinds. Funny, huh? No, window shutters are not persianas.
Why do European houses have shutters?
While walking through any town or village in France, you will see beautiful shutters. I love the small stone houses with their weathered wood volets in southwestern France. This pair included a sweet kitty who greeted me in the beautiful village of Najac. “Set wide the shutters. Let me drink in the day. ” – Edith Wharton I took some liberties with the above quote.
- Edith Wharton said, “windows” but for my story, the meaning is better served with the French word ” volets ” or shutters;
- In France, every morning the shutters are opened;
- Every evening they are closed;
- Like clockwork, you can tell when the new day begins and when it is time to say goodnight to the world;
Everyone goes through this ritual each day. Everyone. Everyday. Volets serve several practical purposes but they also are an effective communication system: “I’m ready to engage with visitors” or “It’s time for family and privacy. ” You can find wonderful old, oak shutters in various states of repair throughout France. All they need is quite a bit of TLC and they’ll be ready to give service for countless more years. J’adore them all! Volets are not just decorative. They move. They serve a purpose. They are there to be used. They are functional. While it can feel like a task performing this dance each day of opening and closing the shutters, it is expected.
- You might get away with keeping the upstairs windows closed, but the ones at street level must always perform;
- It is an unwritten requirement in any French village;
- Shutters serve several purposes;
- First is for insulation;
They help keep the heat indoors in the winter and the cool air inside in the summer. Few houses in Europe have air conditioning, so it’s important to keep the hot sun out and allow the thick stone walls to cool the home. With the heat waves of this past summer, cooling interiors has become a major concern.
Shutters also keep out harsh elements, such as high winds and heavy rains. They serve as protection. At sundown when you draw your shutters, you are telling your community that your home is secure and ready for the night.
They offer needed privacy for village life. You can find these unusual shutters in Provence. They are a type of half shutter that can be partially opened to let fresh air in yet keep the harsh summer sun out. Shutters in their first form are believed to have originated in Greece. They allowed homes to be sheltered from the hot sun but still permitted a breeze to flow through.
- Those first shutters were likely constructed with fixed louvers made from marble;
- Eventually, the concept of shutters for controlling light, ventilation, and the heat from tropical environments spread throughout the Mediterranean and their form began to change;
Wood started to replace marble and designers developed movable louvers to allow varying amounts of light into a space. In medieval Europe, the shutters were hung on the inside of the much smaller windows, rather than on the exterior of the building. They had small holes and were covered with oiled parchment or translucent fabric.
They let in a bit of light and kept out the elements. With new building techniques in the 13th century, windows became larger. This time also saw the advent of glass and shutters were shifted into spaces built into the woodwork beside the widows.
Not until the mid 18th century did shutters move to the exterior. In addition to their many purposes, shutters were also used for advertising. This set can be found in the beautiful town of Beaune in Burgundy. They have been left to age gracefully. One tale holds that the idea of shutters came to France in the 17th century. When Louis XIV moved the French court from the Louvre in Paris to Versailles, it is noted that he enjoyed the country life including admiring the women of his court bathing in the many ponds within the gardens. This colorful slatted style of shutter is found in towns along the French Rivera. Here in Villefranche, you can enjoy the village’s volets and their pastel color palette. As the day heats up, the shutters close, keeping precious cool air inside. It wouldn’t be a house in France without shutters. While some see it as a chore, I see opening them in the morning as a way to “drink in the day.
- Rumor holds that the nude women also distracted the guards who were suppose to be on duty protecting the palace;
- King Louis had movable louvered shutters installed around his garden walls so that he could open them and gaze at the women, but the guards could not see in;
” Closing them in the evening allows me to shift gears and focus my attention inwards toward family. French culture embraces the process of daily tasks. This might run contrary to my American sentiments of the value of efficiency. Yet, as I incorporate new ways of doing things into my everyday life, I like the idea of focusing on why something is done, rather than on the time it takes to complete the task.
If your home lacks movable shutters, no worries. Create your own daily ritual. Open the blinds or curtains and take the moment to be grateful for the new day. Close them at night and remind your mind and body that it is time to rest.
I think it’s a valuable French habit to cultivate. À bientôt, Karen I add a blog post quarterly to Karen’s Atelier – more or less with the changing seasons. For a weekly dose of something “short and sweet” and a nod to French culture, be sure to subscribe to my Weekly Voilàs on this website.
When did people start putting bars on their windows?
The Spanish \
What happened on the edge of Watts last month happens once or twice a year in Los Angeles, just often enough to be numbing and just infrequently enough to escape public concern. Fire raged inside a remodeled home on East 113th Street. Three children were trapped in a bedroom by heavy wrought-iron “burglar bars” bolted to the window to keep intruders out.
Under city and county building regulations, it is illegal to put such bars on “sleeping room” windows unless they are accompanied by an emergency “quick-release” mechanism. The release device, which costs about $50, forces the bars to swing open when a lever or foot pedal is activated from the inside.
The children’s bedroom bars had no such device. Their only hope for rescue was that neighbors on the outside might yank hard enough to rip away the bars. They could not. By the time firefighters extinguished the blaze, the youngsters–ages 1, 2 and 3–were dead.
- To specialists in fire prevention and building safety, the incident was a tragic example of how an alarming number of homes and apartment units in high-crime areas have been turned into potential deathtraps by owners who worry more about burglars than fires and ignore the quick-release requirements;
In Los Angeles alone, there may be as many as 50,000 such dwellings. That estimate is part of the city’s attempt to enforce a 1985 ordinance that requires quick-release devices regardless of when the bars were installed. It is an effort that will, at best, take years of full-time inspection and prodding and, at worst, may fail to ever catch up with a myriad of installers who flout the law.
- At least 100,000 homes or apartments in the city have burglar bars and about half of those were installed without the release mechanisms, said Bob Barton, the city building inspector in charge of the enforcement effort, which began in April;
The same ratio of non-compliance probably holds true for unincorporated areas of Los Angeles County, according to a county Fire Department building codes expert. So far, there has been little to stop an installer or customer from violating the quick-release requirement.
Because of manpower shortages, neither the city nor county sent out building inspectors to enforce their codes. That encouraged many smaller, less ethical companies to feel that they could omit the release device to cut prices, according to government officials and industry leaders.
And even when quick-release levers are installed, safety concerns can arise, according to fire protection specialists. In a significant number of these dwellings, the devices may no longer work properly due to neglect, officials said. Or the mechanism may be an older style that requires a key–often hard to find amid the smoke of a fire–and is no longer permitted by the city.
Additionally, some fire experts believe that even when a home has bars with a well-functioning quick-release system, the panic and disorientation of a house fire can create chaos that prevents escape. “I hate these things,” said Gene Wolfe, a Los Angeles County fire captain in charge of codes and ordinances.
“I wouldn’t allow them at all. The first thing we think of when we arrive at a family dwelling is rescue–is anybody inside we can help? When they wrap these things around the house, it makes it difficult to get inside,” he said. “If a family trains for a proper escape, and the safety releases are working, window bars add to a home’s security,” said Sgt.
Dan Pugel, who runs the Los Angeles Police Department’s crime prevention unit. “But if window bars are put on without any training and an escape practice program, they’re very dangerous. They become a deathtrap.
” In high-crime communities, particularly South Los Angeles, the bars have become an unflattering architectural staple. There are many well-manicured blocks of homes in Watts, for example, where at least half of the residences are heavily barred, an investment that can cost more than $1,000.
New homes, condominiums and motels are routinely built with barred windows on the first floor. Because of the lack of government oversight, no one knows precisely how many homes have window bars or proper escape equipment.
Nor is it clear how many deaths can be blamed on the bars. In a 1984 study that led to the 1985 city ordinance, the Fire Department said six people died between 1980 and 1984 in home fires because they were unable to escape from bedrooms equipped with bars that did not open.
- Other jurisdictions do not normally keep such statistics;
- County fire official Wolfe said he is sure that there had been far fewer incidents in his agency’s territory, but only because “we’ve just been incredibly lucky;
” One tragic incident occurred in Pomona on April 29 when a mother and three children died inside a burning rented home whose windows were illegally barred. The mother was found dead on the floor in what firefighters thought was an effort to reach a hallway.
Hidden Danger Pomona Fire Capt. Bruce Lacey said rental property owners often neglect quick-release devices and tenants tend to be less aware of the danger than residents who purchase the bars themselves.
The subtle, unpredictable consequences of legal bars were illustrated by last month’s fire on 113th Street and another blaze that occurred nearby not long afterward. According to firefighters, the grandparents of the three children who perished in the 113th Street blaze could have escaped with minimal effort because their bedroom was equipped with a quick-release device.
But in the confusion of the moment, the grandparents forgot about the latch, officials said. They waited helplessly in their own bedroom until neighbors tore off the bars, freeing them. (Bars attached to a quick-release device are easier to tear off in such an emergency than bars bolted to a window.
) Two weeks later, two blocks away, panic overpowered technology again. Bars Block Escape In a house on East 111th Street, seven children were backed into a bedroom by flames and smoke billowing toward them from the kitchen. Burglar bars blocked their escape.
- The children punched the glass out of the windows for air;
- But they forgot that the bars could be flipped open with a quick-release device–a device that their mother said she had taught her children to use;
Only the heroics of a neighborhood visitor, who with a friend hurriedly pried the bedroom bars off the window, allowed the youngsters to escape. Leon Watkins, a South Los Angeles resident and an official of a county agency that tries to quell street gang violence, said such incidents have discouraged him from putting bars on his own windows despite his awareness of neighborhood crime.
‘I’ll Take My Chances’ “I’ve got kids and there’s no way I would feel comfortable,” said Watkins, who has put bars on the doors of his home. “In a fire, folks panic. They haven’t been in that smoke. You’re not thinking about anything but getting out.
I’m not going to take that chance. I’ll take my chances with them (burglars) coming through the windows. ” However, far more residents have gone the other way, often with considerable reluctance. “I didn’t want to put them on,” said Annie Kemp, who added bars to her home two years ago after her sons moved away.
“The bars remind me of being in prison in my own house. But sometimes you do things you don’t like in the interest of security,” Kemp said. “It may not stop ‘em,” added Dan Hamilton, who installed bars and a heavier front door three years ago after a burglar broke into his home on East 110th Street, “but it slows ‘em down.
” Variety of Factors Installers and safety officials believe that several psychological, economic and regulatory factors have contributed to the large number of unsafe burglar bar units. They include: – Fear: “Eight of 10 people call us after they’ve been robbed.
Those people are only concerned about security,” said Jeff Marks, president of Himco Security Products, one of the city’s largest burglar bar installation companies. Added a salesman for another company: “They don’t even mention fire.
They want to sleep. They’d rather put up with a fire here and there than somebody shooting them. ” Residents also tend to have the bars installed after a next-door neighbor is burglarized, or during a highly publicized crime spree. “During the Night Stalker murders (in which the suspect often entered homes through open or unlocked windows), there was a tremendous increase,” said Bob Marino, a former Los Angeles police officer who now owns AAA Security Systems.
“A lot of people ran scared. ” Customers Frightened Salesmen say the more frightened the customer is, the less likely he is to carefully scrutinize the effectiveness of a burglar bar’s release mechanism–or to worry about it at all.
“There are a lot of ignorant people out there,” said Mike Bernardi, owner of Culver Iron Works. “They don’t care how safe the bars they’re buying are. Somebody will give them something cheaper, that’s all they care about. ” – Tough competition: A decade ago, about 80 companies advertised under the “ornamental iron” section of the Central Los Angeles Yellow Pages.
Today there are about 180, many of them unlicensed contractors who either are unaware of quick-release requirements or ignore them, according to complaints by numerous businessmen. “It’s a big problem,” said Red Sojka, owner of Red’s Iron Specialties and former president of the Los Angeles chapter of the National Ornamental and Miscellaneous Metals Assn.
“There are more guys doing it illegally than legally. ” ‘Killing the Industry’ Added Bernardi: “It is killing the industry. Anybody who owns a little $100 welding machine and a pair of pliers can do it out of their garage. ” Sojka said that because of undercutting by small unlicensed companies, he has cut back on burglar bar installation, relying on contracts for larger jobs such as fences.
Marks said his firm averages 30 ornamental iron installations a day and competes by flooding target neighborhoods with advertising fliers. – Weak regulation: Although many crime-weary homeowners put bars on their windows in the late 1960s and early 1970s, Los Angeles city building codes did not deal with the bars until 1976.
Then, after several residents died when caught behind their bars during fires, the city banned further installations unless the quick-release devices were included in bedrooms. However, the idea of prosecuting property owners for violating the new law was considered impractical.
Few homeowners were obtaining the required city building permit for bar installation, so there was little data on file. As a result, there was often no way to tell whether bars had been installed before the law took effect (making them exempt) or later.
And the expense of sending inspectors into the field was prohibitive. Supervisors Act The same year the city acted, the County Board of Supervisors passed the county’s first regulation of burglar bars, but toughened it by making the quick-release requirement retroactive.
Again, the logistics of enforcement were overwhelming, and county building officials could do little more than advise homeowners of the requirement. It was not until last year that the City Council, at the urging of fire officials, added a retroactive provision to the Los Angeles burglar bar law.
The ordinance allows bars to be permanently bolted to a sleeping room window only if the room has a second unobstructed window or door leading directly outside. The new ordinance also gave the Building and Safety Department money to establish an inspection program, raising the number of inspectors to 11.
- There had been only two;
- Amazed at Number In March, firefighters at each city fire station began compiling a list of every home with burglar bars;
- ‘They were amazed at how many homes had them,” said Ken Johnson, a battalion chief who is coordinating the block-by-block count;
The lists are being turned over to the Building and Safety Department, which will eventually contact each homeowner and ask for proof of a satisfactory quick-release system. When officials began notifying homeowners in April, they estimated that it would take three years to bring all homes into compliance.
- But in the wake of the 113th Street fire, pressure has grown to speed the process;
- Last Wednesday, the council’s Building and Safety Committee recommended hiring seven more inspectors;
- The recommendation must be approved by the full council;
Barton, the city building inspector in charge of the program, acknowledged that it will be difficult to persuade homeowners to add a quick-release device or replace one that does not come up to standard. “People have had the bars there for 20 years and you have to convince them that just because they haven’t had a fire for 20 years, they could have one tomorrow,” he said.
“A lot of this is going to be public education. ” A lot of it is also going to be economic. Balks at Cost Marks said that shortly after the 113th Street fire, one of his salesmen received a call from a homeowner a block away who wanted to add quick-release devices to three bedroom windows.
“We said it would be $150 to convert them,” Marks said. “She said forget it. Too much money. ” Several installers said they believe the city’s effort will not be effective because there are too many shoddy companies, too many homes with unsafe bars and no city enforcement aimed at installers who violate the law or at suppliers who sell iron bars.
Why do so many homes in Puerto Rico have bars on windows?
Yes they serve 2 purposes, decoration and security. Old houses have cheap but functional windows designed to keep out the rain and let the wind in, they are weak so the bars ensures security. New doors and windows are very hard to break.
Are window bars legal in California?
The stories are tragic: Security bars welded shut on a San Bernardino home’s windows trapped six people, including three children, who died in an early-morning blaze last summer. Two disabled veterans, their live-in caretaker and her boyfriend died behind window bars as a fire raged through the Carson home they shared in the fall.
- In both instances, fire department investigators cited security bars as the reason the victims were unable to escape the flames;
- Although building code allows California residences to have only security bars equipped with a release mechanism that can be opened from inside the house, many homes still have outdated, welded-on bars;
And homes can change hands in many communities without retrofitting. Sellers are required only to disclose the presence of welded-on bars. Without an interior lever, button, pedal or other mechanism for quick release, the very bars that thwart potential burglars can keep firefighters from reaching occupants in time during a fire.
“The ability to open the bars is critical,” said Battalion Chief Ralph Terrazas of the Los Angeles Fire Department. “It takes us an average of five minutes to arrive on scene. That’s an eternity for someone who is trapped in a house with fire lapping behind them.
” Los Angeles Fire Department trucks carry rotary saws for cutting through bars, but the delay of several minutes as firefighters pry off or cut through bars can be the difference between life and death. “It’s just one more job for firefighters to do when seconds count, the house is on fire and full of smoke and you’re searching for victims,” said Capt.
Mark Savage, spokesman for the Los Angeles County Fire Department. Within the city of Los Angeles, the standard is the minimum requirement set by California Uniform Building Code. “Security bars are allowed on windows if they have a release mechanism that is able to be opened without a key, special knowledge or special effort,” said Bob Steinbach, assistant bureau chief of the Los Angeles Department of Building and Safety.
Homes with security bars must also include smoke detectors. “Individual cities are authorized to be more strict, but not less strict” with their local ordinances, Steinbach said. Because Los Angeles County has 88 cities, homeowners should contact their city’s building and safety department for specific guidelines.
When installed correctly — and safely — security bars serve a useful purpose. “They’re a great deterrent,” said David Gregor, a field training officer for the Hawthorne Police Department. For bars to be most effective, he added, it’s important to position the release mechanism far enough from the window so that a would-be intruder can’t break the glass, reach through the bars and release the mechanism.
After purchasing her Los Angeles home five years ago, Joyce Birdsong chose to keep the existing security bars, which include a release mechanism on the bedroom window. “They make me feel comfortable,” Birdsong said. “I’ve always wanted a house with bars as opposed to other types of security systems, where you have to program in numbers.
That seems like such an inconvenience. ” Given that break-ins often occur on hot summer nights when residents leave first-floor windows open, Birdsong feels better about opening a window or door for fresh air knowing she has security bars on both.
“We have a great neighborhood watch group here,” Birdsong said. “We all look out for one another. With the bars, by the time an intruder would be able to get in, the police would likely be here. ” Potential home buyers should always know what they’re getting regarding home security, said Tom Pool, spokesman for the California Department of Real Estate.
“A real estate agent must disclose all material facts he or she is aware of about a property, and security bars might be among them. ” California law requires that the seller, in the transfer disclosure statement, indicate the existence of security bars and whether they include a quick-release mechanism.
“But the seller is not required to take off the bars unless that is negotiated between the parties,” said June Barlow, vice president and general counsel for the California Assn. of Realtors. The seller also is not responsible for retrofitting the bars with a release mechanism, she said.
However, some cities or counties may have individual ordinances regarding removing or retrofitting security bars as part of the sale of a home, she added. A professional home inspection is the best way to identify potential problems in a home before purchase, according to Jerry McCarthy, spokesman for the California Real Estate Inspection Assn.
Although licensed inspectors don’t perform code inspections, he said, “a home inspector will explain the current operating condition of a home, including safety conditions. ” Renters of dwellings with welded-on security bars should contact the landlord and ask him or her to replace the bars with approved quick-release bars, said California State Fire Marshal John Tennant.
If there is no response, put the request in writing and mail it to the landlord. If there is still no response, take a copy of the letter, along with the landlord’s address, to your city’s building officials and ask for their help in enforcing the law.
Sometimes, however, tenants can thwart a landlord’s best intentions when it comes to keeping a property fire-safe. Psychotherapist Tina Tessina and her husband, choreographer Richard Sharrard, own rental properties in Long Beach. “One had break-away bars on the bedroom windows,” Tessina said.
- “But we had to fix or replace them several times because the tenants were a lot more afraid of burglars than of fire, and they kept altering them;
- ” It’s a story McCarthy has heard repeatedly;
- “It seems people have more fear of being robbed than of burning to death in their homes,” he said;
Even after being advised of the risks, many homeowners elect not to remove welded-on security bars or install bars with release mechanisms. “People put up these security bars to protect themselves, but the bars are their worst possible enemy,” Tennant said.
“It’s a two-way tragedy. ” * (BEGIN TEXT OF INFOBOX) Fire safety website directory * California State Fire Marshal, osfm. fire. ca. gov. This office provides public education about security bars through its website and during fire safety talks.
To download a homeowner’s fire safety checklist, visit www. fire. ca. gov/php/education_checklist. php. * National Fire Protection Assn. , www. nfpa. org. For a fact sheet on security bars, visit www. nfpa. org/Research/NFPAFactSheets/SecurityBars/SecurityBars. asp. Click on “Public Education” from the home page for links to fire prevention tips and educational materials.
- * Los Angeles County Fire Department, www;
- Visit www;
- htm for a safety checklist and tips on fire escape, fire prevention, home hazards and smoke alarms;
- * Los Angeles Fire Department, www;
lafd. org. Click on “LAFD Neighborhood Preparedness” on the home page for fire safety tips. * U. Fire Administration, www. usfa. fema. gov. The agency’s site provides links to many fire and home safety pages. Visit www. usfa. fema. gov/public/factsheet /wintertips. shtm for tips.
Does leaving a light on at night deter burglars?
Felson says indoor lights can deter burglars from breaking in, but they often break in anyway after knocking on the door to see if anyone answers. Outdoor security lighting is effective if there are people — neighbors, pedestrians or police — to actually see suspicious activity.
What puts burglars off?
Burglars are most likely to be put off breaking into homes by CCTV cameras and barking dogs, according to a panel of former criminals. Nearly half of the 12 former burglars consulted by Co-op Insurance said most thieves were opportunists wandering the streets who would avoid difficult break-ins that were likely to attract attention.
- The most effective deterrents for home burglaries and car theft were CCTV cameras, the panel said;
- They also named loud barking dogs, strong heavy doors, a TV being switched on and locked UPVC windows as the next most likely to put them off breaking into a home;
However, burglar alarms were only No 13 on their list of deterrents. Criminals were also likely to be put off breaking into or stealing cars by street lighting, an alarm, and a vehicle being parked in a driveway. In order of importance, burglars would be seeking cash, jewellery, electrical equipment such as TVs, phones and tablets, laptops and car keys, the panel said.
- Co-op Insurance also surveyed 2,000 people in the UK about their home and car security;
- It found that 28% of adults took no measures to protect their property;
- Fifty-five per cent of those polled slept with their windows open at night, 24% left their doors unlocked while at home, and 12% left their garden gates open;
A fifth of respondents said they posted photographs online showing they were on holiday, inadvertently drawing attention to their empty house. In July, Kingston crown court heard how £400,000 of jewellery and designer goods were stolen from former England and Chelsea footballer John Terry’s home after he posted a photo of his ski holiday on social media. Footballer John Terry. Photograph: AFP/Getty Terry’s £5m mansion was broken into in February after he posed for pictures on the slopes with his family, revealing to his 3. 4 million Instagram followers that he was having a “great few days away skiing with the family”. Former bank robber Noel “Razor” Smith, who has carried out more than 200 robberies and served a total of 32 years behind bars for commercial burglaries, said: “Bragging about your holidays on social media is an absolute no-no.
It’s just saying ‘come and burgle my house’. Organised gangs are having a field day. “Most burglars want to be in and out of a house in less than five minutes. But there are some very simple steps everyone can take to make our homes more secure and keep our valuables safe.
” He said friendly and attentive neighbours could help by spotting any unusual behaviour by strangers. “It’s a myth that burglars all wear shellsuits, trainers and carry swag bags,” Smith said. “Today’s burglars may be unrecognisable – smartly dressed in suits, carrying briefcases or even [high-visibility] waistcoats.
” Eleven of the 12 ex-convicts said they would be put off targeting a smart, connected home; eight admitted they would not try to break into connected cars. Only 5% of adults surveyed by Co-op have invested in smart technology for their homes and cars.
The panel pointed out that motion-activated security lights were a key deterrent for home thieves, but just 24% of respondents had installed such devices. Caroline Hunter, head of home insurance at Co-op, said: “Nobody should have to go through the trauma of having their property burgled, and there are some small measures which homeowners should be mindful of to ensure any opportunists cannot be tempted.
- ” Lynn Farrar, chair of Neighbourhood Watch, added: “Having your car or home broken into can have a devastating financial and emotional impact on families, the effects of which can stay with an individual for some time;
“Sadly, break-ins do happen and this study reinforces the need for greater home security.
How effective are bars on windows?
How Effective are Window Security Bars in Protecting my Home? – Window security bars are extremely effective when it comes to burglar-proofing your home. Not only are they designed to withstand the most force that a burglar would attempt to throw at it.
They are an immediate deterrent for anyone thinking about breaking into your home. Criminals do not like to work hard when it comes to breaking into someone’s house. With this knowledge, know that they are going to target a home that appears to lack even basic security features like a home security system.
Seeing barred windows are usually an immediate deal-breaker for them. It is important to acknowledge, though, that if you are considering placing security bars on the windows of your house, you need to make sure that the reinforcement of the front door of your home is of top priority.
Why do NYC apartments have bars on windows?
Each year, young children are injured or die in falls from unguarded windows, even from the first floor. These tragedies are preventable with properly installed and approved window guards, which are required in many residential buildings. You must have window guards if you live in a building that has at least three apartments and a child 10 or younger lives in your apartment.
If you do not have window guards, ask your landlord to install them. If the landlord doesn’t fix the problem, file a complaint online or call 311. Never leave a child alone in a room where there are open windows that do not have window guards.
If window guards are not installed, keep windows closed and make sure children cannot climb up to them. Screens are not a substitute for window guards. Even if you do not have a child 10 or younger who lives with you, you can still get window guards installed in your windows.
If a window has an air conditioner, it must be permanently and securely installed with one-way metal screws to prevent any falls. The law does not allow tenants to remove window guards to install air conditioners.
You can request the building owner to install your air conditioner unit and window guards in your home. Find out what building owners and superintendents must know about installing window guards. Where Do You Need Window Guards Window guards are metal or aluminum devices that are specifically designed to prevent children from falling, not to stop a burglar.
Guards should be in every window in the apartment and in common areas, except for windows leading to fire escapes. In buildings with fire escapes, the window guard must be left off one window in each ground-floor apartment so that the window can be used as an emergency exit.
All window types, including sliding windows with screens, should have window guards or limiting devices. Screens are no substitute for window guards. All window guards must be approved by the NYC Health Department and installed by your landlord, according to specific instructions. How to Get Window Guards Your building’s owner or superintendent must:
- Install window guards in your apartment if your building has more than three apartments, or if you request them.
- Fix any window guards that need repair.
- Install window guards in all public hallway windows if a child 10 or younger resides in the building.
Each year between January 1 and January 15, your building owner must give you an Annual Notice form (PDF) to complete indicating whether or not children 10 or younger live in the apartment, or if you want window guards for any reason. You must return the form to your landlord by February 15. You can also request window guards in writing at any time. Costs of Window Guards Building owners may charge tenants for the installation and cost of window guards in their apartments, but they may not charge for window guards in public areas.
Private homes are not required to have window guards, but we recommend they be installed in such residences. If you move out before paying for window guards in full, you must pay the balance immediately.
Your building owner may deduct the remaining unpaid portion from your security deposit. If you move into an an apartment that already has window guards, you cannot be charged for them. If the landlord chooses to replace the window guards due to renovation or window replacement, you cannot be charged for the new guards.
For rent stabilized or controlled apartments, landlords may collect a temporary surcharge for window guards, but the maximum amount may not exceed $10 per guard. Tenants may choose to pay all at once or over a period of one to three years.
Any charge for window guards may not become a part of the base rent for the apartment.
What are the bars on a computer screen?
Updated: 02/07/2022 by Computer Hope The toolbar , also called bar or standard toolbar , is a row of buttons , often near the top of an application window, that controls software functions. The boxes are below the menu bar and often contain images corresponding with the function they control, as demonstrated in the image below. A toolbar often provides quick access to functions that are commonly performed in the program. For example, a formatting toolbar in Microsoft Excel gives you access to things like making text bold or changing text alignment with other common buttons. In an Internet browser , toolbars add functionality that may not come pre-installed. For example, with the Google toolbar, you can get access to exclusive Google features.
- Tip If you are missing an application’s toolbar, try pressing Alt on the keyboard, as some programs hide the toolbar until Alt is pressed;
- In Windows 8 and Windows 10, some programs and apps may only show a hidden toolbar if the mouse cursor is positioned at top of the window;
Tip In most Microsoft Windows programs, the toolbars can be adjusted, hidden, or displayed by clicking View at the top of the window, and then selecting Toolbars. In programs that do not have a View menu, look in the Settings or Properties section.
What are all the bars on a computer screen?
What is the use of toolbar?
OpenOffice. org allows its toolbars to be detached and moved between windows and other toolbars The toolbar , also called a bar or standard toolbar (originally known as ribbon ) is a graphical control element on which on-screen icons can be used. A toolbar often allows for quick access to functions that are commonly used in the program.
Some examples of functions a toolbar might have are open file, save, and change font. Toolbars are usually distinguished from palettes by their integration into the edges of the screen or of other windows.
This can result in wasted space if multiple underpopulated bars are stacked atop each other or interface inefficiency if overloaded bars are placed on small windows. .